Sexual harassment in the workplace

Women are being asked to share their experiences of sexual harassment in the workplace and public places as part of a government initiative.

This is part of the Women and Equalities committee’s investigation following widespread allegations in the United Kingdom and the United States.

Serious allegations of sexual harassment by Harvey Weinstein and other actors have dominated the media.  This has highlighted the need for employers to make sure that they deal effectively with sexual harassment in the workplace.

What conduct amounts to sexual harassment in the workplace?

Under the Equality Act Sexual harassment occurs where both : –

  • A person engages in unwanted conduct of a sexual nature.
  • The conduct has the purpose or effect of either violating someone’s dignity, or creating an intimidating, hostile, degrading, humiliating or offensive environment for that person.

It is a form of bullying as well, if it is carried out in the course of employment and is based on a person’s sex. It is not necessary for the harassment to be physical and employees can be harassed by the same sex or the opposite sex.

The term covers a variety of behaviour from verbal comments such as inappropriate jokes, banter, sexual advances, threats to a person’s continued employment to physical sexual assault.

It can be a one off incident or a pattern of continual behavior and employers need to be mindful what effect this having on its employees and make sure they take the appropriate action.

What should an employer do?

 The objective must be to create a safe working environment for an organisation’s employees and workers where there is a clear expectation that sexual harassment will not be tolerated.

The tips for employers are as follows:-

  • a clear written policy proving that the company takes a serious approach to harassment of any kind.
  • a training program where managers are trained in the principles of the policy and this needs to be an ongoing training commitment by the company.
  • formal grievance procedures which enable complaints to be taken seriously and investigated properly.  These complaints need to be treated with sensitivity and fairly.
  • complaints should be handled with a high level of confidentiality and avoid putting unnecessary stress on the person making the complaint. For example, making sure there is somewhere private to discuss the complaint and adopting sympathetic listening strategies.
  • some types of sexual harassment, such as sexual assault and other physical threats, are a criminal matter as well as an employment matter so may need to be reported to the police.
  • a willingness to take action against the people who are displaying conduct which amounts to harassment, including dismissal where justified and the sanction should not vary dependent on their seniority.
  • a strong commitment from the leaders of the organisation that harassment will not be tolerated.

This is not legal advice; it is intended to provide information of general interest about current legal issues.


Jane Crosby

Partner, Dispute Resolution

Jane specialises in commercial litigation and employment law acting for both employers and employees in both contentious and non-contentious matters. She has also over recent...

Partner, Dispute Resolution

Jane Crosby

Jane specialises in commercial litigation and employment law acting for both employers and employees in both contentious and non-contentious matters. She has also over recent years carved out something of a niche in the field of mobile homes legislation acting for an owner with a number of sites.

Having studied geography at University College London Jane worked for a number of years in the aviation industry which has given her a real insight into the challenges faced by most businesses. Jane qualified as a Solicitor in 2004 before joining Hart Brown in 2011 and becoming a Partner in July 2018. Not only is Jane our specialist in employment law but she is also a prolific blogger within Hart Brown. You can find many of her articles on the 'News' section of the website.

Jane often receives praise from her clients:

“I appreciated the clarity of advice given at a stressful time”.

“A sensitive and highly professional approach and efficient work in the interests of the client”.

“Your advice, conduct and assistance have been indeed outstanding and very professional but also – and most importantly – very humane”.